This week on BBS: Placebos work just as well as probiotics for eliminating abdominal pain, chickens benefit from beneficial bacteria, and Lactobacillus reuteri delivers in cases of acute, pediatric diarrhea.
Abdominal Pain Controlled by Placebo
Some irritable bowel disease sufferers have abdominal pain caused by an over reactive intestinal nervous system, which is officially known as visceral hypersensitivity. To determine if a multispecies probiotic could limit visceral hypersensitivity, Dr. Samefko Ludidi of the Maastricht University Medical Centre in the Netherlands administered a probiotic mixture or a placebo to 35 patients for six weeks in a double blind, randomized controlled study. While all patients in the study experienced improvements (more than 70%), the placebo was just as effective as the probiotic.
Beneficial Bacteria Improve Chicken Health
Coccidiosis is caused by Eimeria parasites in chickens, and it is characterized by an intestinal pathology and diarrhea. Dr. I. Giannenas of the Aristotle University of Theessaloniki in Greece studied the ability of beneficial bacteria to prevent coccidiosis. He found that a mixture of Enterococcus faecium, Bifidobacterium animalis and Lactobacillus salivarius added to the chicken’s food improved growth in the infected chickens similarly to a standard coccidiosis treatment. Inspection of the intestines revealed that the probiotics also improved the intestinal pathologies.
Lactobacillus Helps Pediatric Diarrhea
Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17939 has many known benefits. In this latest study, Dr. E. C. Dinleyici of Eskisehir Osmangazi University in Turkey tested if L. reuteri DSM 17939 could be used to treat cases of pediatric, acute diarrhea. A total of 127 children admitted to the hospital for acute diarrhea were given conventional therapies with or without the live bacteria. The probiotic significantly reduced diarrhea within 24 hours and shortened the mean hospital stay by approximately one day. Moreover, it completely eliminated incidences of prolonged diarrhea (0% vs. 17% in the control group).
- Ludidi S, Jonkers DM, Koning CJ, Kruimel JW, Mulder L, van der Vaart IB et al. Randomized clinical trial on the effect of a multispecies probiotic on visceroperception in hypersensitive IBS patients. Neurogastroenterol Motil 2014. [Epub ahead of print]
- Giannenas I, Tsalie E, Triantafillou E, Hessenberger S, Teichmann K, Mohnl M et al. Assessment of probiotics supplementation via feed or water on the growth performance, intestinal morphology and microflora of chicken after experimental infection with Eimeria acervulina, Eimeria maxima and Eimeria tenella. Avian Pathol 2014. [Epub ahead of print]
- Dinleyici EC, Vandenplas Y. Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 effectively reduces the duration of acute diarrhoea in hospitalised children. Acta Paediatr 2014. [Epub ahead of print]